When a novel or an article is prepared for publication, it doesn’t just get one pass with an editor. In fact, the work may pass through the hands of several editors before it is finally sent out in the world, and each one of them has a discrete task. You can break the editing process into four stages, or levels: global edits, substantive edits, copy edits and proofreading. This is the model we use at Arch Editing.
Level 4: Global Edits
A global edit refers to the content of the work, including the introduction and concluding paragraphs, the thesis statement, structure, development, and integration of research. Global edits do not take into account grammar, punctuation, typos, word choice, spelling, formatting, or related issues. If you order a Level 4 reading of your paper, it will not include copy editing or proofreading. At this level, we will help you shape your argument, craft your central claim, and develop your supporting points. We will also suggest several strategies for introducing and concluding your essay, areas for further research, and general tips for strengthening your voice and style.
Level 3: Substantive Edits
A substantive edit refers to the rhetorical situation of your essay, which includes your purpose, your audience, your genre/media, and your voice and style. Substantive edits do not take into account grammar, punctuation, typos, word choice, spelling, formatting, or related issues. If you order a Level 3 reading of your paper, it will not include copy editing or proofreading. At this level, we will help you clarify your purpose with a well-developed thesis statement, target the appropriate audience with appeals to logos/ethos/pathos, identify and remove logical fallacies, help you present your information in the appropriate genre, and suggest ways to strengthen your voice and create an appropriate tone.
Level 2: Copy Edits/Local Edits
Copy edits, or local edits, pertain to grammar, punctuation, word choice, spelling, formatting, and related issues. If you order a Level 2 edit for your paper it will not include global or substantive edits. At this level, we will help you with run-on sentences, comma splices, sentence fragments, passive sentences, proper MLA/APA/Chicago formatting, and other superficial errors. If you’ve already completed your essay and you feel confident about the content but not the presentation, this is the best choice for you.
Level 1: Proofreading
Proofreading is for the final read-through before you turn a project in. At this level, we will check grammar, spelling, and formatting problems, as well as confirm that the essay looks professional and error-free. Proofreading does not take into account global or substantive editing or most local issues.